Presbycusus refers to sensorineural hearing impairment in elderly individuals. Characteristically, involves bilateral high-frequency hearing loss associated with difficulty in speech discrimination and central auditory processing of information. However, other patterns of presbycusis exist. Sensorineural hearing loss associated with physiological aging process in the ear is called presbycusis. It is usually manifests at around the age of 65 years but may do so early if there is hereditary predisposition, chronic noise exposure or generalized vascular disease.
Tinnitus is another bothersome problem and in some the only complaint.Patients of presbycusus can be helped by hearing aids.
- Cochlear implants. Cochlear (COKE-lee-ur) implants are small electronic devices surgically implanted in the inner ear that help provide a sense of sound to people who are profoundly deaf or hard-of-hearing. If your hearing loss is severe, your doctor may recommend a cochlear implant in one or both ears. (Read the NIDCD fact sheet Cochlear Implants for more information.)
- Bone anchored hearing systems bypass the ear canal and middle ear, and are designed to use your body’s natural ability to transfer sound through bone conduction. The sound processor picks up sound, converts it into vibrations, and then relays the vibrations through your skull bone to your inner ear.
- Hearing aids
- FM systems
- Treatment will vary depending on factors such as severity of symptoms, age, general health, medical history and individual preferences
- Avoid loud noises
- Wear hearing protection devices when exposed to loud noise e.g. ear plugs