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Meniere’s disease normally causes vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus. The attacks can differ in severity. You may get a hearing loss and/or tinnitus in certain circumstances.

Meniere’s disease is an inner ear condition. Nearly 1 in a 1,000 people develops Meniere’s disease. It can affect anybody at any age, but it most generally seen between ages of 40 and 60. Mostly, this condition starts in one ear only. The other ear is also gets affected at a particular stage in about 4 in 10 cases.

Symptoms

Common symptoms of a Ménière’s disease attack do not reflect the entire picture of the disorder, because symptoms vary before, during, between, and after attacks, and also during the late-stage of Ménière’s disease.

Ménière’s disease may start with fluctuating hearing loss, eventually progressing to attacks of vertigo and dizziness.

Oncoming attacks are often preceded by an “aura,” or the specific set of warning symptoms, listed below. Paying attention to these warning symptoms can allow a person to move to a safe or more comfortable situation before an attack.

  • balance disturbance
  • dizziness, lightheadedness
  • headache, increased ear pressure
  • hearing loss or tinnitus increase
  • sound sensitivity
  • vague feeling of uneasiness

Existing treatments fall into two categories. Some treatments aim at reducing the severity of an attack while it is occurring; some treatments attempt to reduce the severity and number of attacks in the long term. Experts feel these medical treatments provide some degree of improvement in 60–80% of the treated